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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

11 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity and corticosteroid hormone action.

In normal physiology 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-OHSD) protects the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) from glucocorticoid excess. In the rat, however, 11 beta-OHSD mRNA and activity is widespread, suggesting that it may also play a role in regulating ligand access to the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). We have studied the role of the 11 beta-OHSD in modulating corticosteroid hormone action in rat pituitary GH3 cells (glucocorticoids inhibit prolactin gene transcription) and renal epithelial NRK-52E cells (mineralocorticoids increase Na-K ATPase subunit gene expression) in culture. Both cell lines express high levels of 11 beta-OHSD activity, and Northern/Western blot analyses using a rat cDNA probe and antisera raised against rat liver 11 beta-OHSD reveal a single 1.4 Kb mRNA encoding an enzyme of molecular size 34 kDa. In GH3 cells, prolactin gene transcription was unaffected by corticosterone (B) in doses of 10(-8) to 10(-6) M. When 11 beta-OHSD activity was inhibited with the licorice derivative, glycyrrhetinic acid (GE); however, 10(-6) M B inhibited prolactin ( PRL) mRNA levels to the same degree as an equimolar concentration of the GR agonist RU 28362. This effect was blocked by co-incubation with the GR antagonist RU 38486. In NRK-52E cells, co-incubation with B and GE resulted in a marked increase in alpha 1/beta 1 Na-K ATPase subunit mRNA levels when compared with GE and/or B alone and this effect could be blocked by administration of the MR antagonist RU 26752.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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