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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reduced activation of suppressor T lymphocytes by specific antigens in autoimmune thyroid disease.

In order to study the activation of suppressor T lymphocytes by thyroid-specific antigens in autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), we have investigated the effects of the organ-specific antigens, thyroperoxidase (TPO), thyroglobulin (Tg), and thyroid microsomal antigen (TMc), as well as renal microsomes (RMc) as a control antigen, on the activation of suppressor T lymphocytes; this was accomplished by measuring major histocompatibility complex class II (HLA-DR) expression on their surfaces by flow cytometric analysis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), obtained from 33 patients with Graves' disease (GD), 26 with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), 5 with nontoxic nodular goiter (NTG), and 30 normal persons (N), were cultured for 7 days in the presence or absence of TPO, Tg, or RMc at final concentration of 10, 100, and 1000 ng/ml. Cultured cells were stained with fluorescent-conjugated monoclonal antibodies (anti-CD8, anti-CD11b, and anti-HLA-DR), and the activation of CD8+ and CD8+CD11b+ (pure suppressor) T cells by the antigens was analyzed on a flow cytometer. In the absence of antigen, i.e., the autologous mixed lymphocyte reaction (AMLR), CD8+ and CD8+CD11b+ T lymphocytes from patients with GD and HT showed significantly lower activation as compared to N. We measured the Stimulation Index (Sl) of activated T lymphocytes to compare antigen-specific activation between CD8+ and CD8+CD11b+ cells from normal persons and patients. With stimulation of 100 and/or 1000 ng/mL of TPO or Tg, Sl of activated CD8+ cells was significantly (p < 0.05 to 0.01) lower in GD and HT as compared with N.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Reduced activation of suppressor T lymphocytes by specific antigens in autoimmune thyroid disease. Yoshikawa, N., Morita, T., Resetkova, E., Arreanza, G., Carayon, P., Volpé, R. J. Endocrinol. Invest. (1993) [Pubmed]
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