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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

DNA double-strand break repair: genetic determinants of flanking crossing-over.

Whether or not homologous interaction of two DNA molecules results in crossing-over of the flanking sequences is an important decision in view of genome organization. Several homologous recombination models, including the double-strand break repair models, explain this decision as choice between two alternative modes of resolution of Holliday-type intermediates. We have demonstrated that a double-strand gap can be repaired through gene conversion copying a homologous duplex, as predicted by the double-strand break repair models, in the RecE pathway of Escherichia coli. This gap repair is often accompanied by crossing-over of the flanking sequences. Mutations in ruvC and recG, whose products interact with Holliday structures in vitro, do not block double-strand gap repair or its association with flanking crossing-over. However, two mutations in the recJ gene, which encodes a single-strand 5'-->3' exonuclease, severely decrease association of flanking crossing-over. Two mutations in the recQ gene, which encodes a helicase, moderately decrease association of flanking crossing-over by themselves and suppress the severe effect of a recJ mutation. Similar relationships of recJ and recQ mutations are observed in cell survival after ultraviolet light irradiation, gamma-ray irradiation, and H2O2 treatment. We discuss how cooperation of the recQ gene product and the recJ gene product brings about double-strand break repair accompanied by flanking crossing-over. We also discuss how this reaction is related to repair of chromosome damages.[1]


  1. DNA double-strand break repair: genetic determinants of flanking crossing-over. Kusano, K., Sunohara, Y., Takahashi, N., Yoshikura, H., Kobayashi, I. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1994) [Pubmed]
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