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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Molecular mechanisms resulting in pathogenic anti-mouse erythrocyte antibodies in New Zealand black mice.

The New Zealand black (NZB) mouse strain is genetically predisposed to develop, at approximately 6 months of age, a spontaneous and severe autoimmune anaemia caused by production of pathogenic anti-mouse erythrocyte autoantibodies. In order to investigate the molecular mechanisms which lead to anti-mouse erythrocyte autoantibody production we have generated eight anti-mouse erythrocyte MoAbs producing hybridomas from splenocytes of 9- and 12-month-old NZB with spontaneous autoimmune anaemia. IgG2a was the predominant isotype, while IgM, IgG1 and IgG2b were each produced by one hybridoma cell line. All anti-mouse erythrocyte MoAbs were characterized for their antigen specificities. None of the MoAbs cross-reacted with ss- or dsDNA or with other species' erythrocytes, with the exception of one MoAb which cross-reacted with rat erythrocytes. None of the eight hybridomas was demonstrated to express surface or cytoplasmic CD5, suggesting that they derived from CD5- B lymphocytes. All hybridomas when implanted intraperitoneally into BALB/c mice caused anaemia. In order to define the genetic basis and investigate the molecular mechanisms resulting in pathogenic anti-mouse erythrocyte autoantibody production, the pattern of immunoglobulin variable region gene use has been studied. Five of the eight MoAbs whose IgVH genes were sequenced all have functionally rearranged genes from the VH J558 gene family. There is evidence for somatic point mutations in the complementarity-determining regions (CDR) of the IgVH genes in all of these five MoAbs when compared with the closest known germline gene. We suggest that these nucleotide sequence changes are likely to reflect selection by an antigen-driven mechanism. Furthermore, the data indicate that pathogenic anti-mouse erythrocytes are not derived from 'natural' autoantibodies.[1]

References

  1. Molecular mechanisms resulting in pathogenic anti-mouse erythrocyte antibodies in New Zealand black mice. Scott, B.B., Sadigh, S., Stow, M., Mageed, R.A., Andrew, E.M., Maini, R.N. Clin. Exp. Immunol. (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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