The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nitric oxide affects mammalian distal colonic smooth muscle by tonic neural inhibition.

1 The role of the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway in tonic neural inhibition of spontaneous mechanical activity of distal colonic circular smooth muscle (DCCSM) was investigated in male Wistar rats. 2 Muscle strips were mounted in organ baths and spontaneous contractions recorded with isometric force transducers. They were characterized as low frequency (LFCs) 0.41 +/- 0.03 N cm-2 or high frequency contractions (HFCs) 0.22 +/- 0.04 N cm-2. The latter occurred intermittently to produce summation contractions (SCs) range 0.5-12 N cm-2. 3 Tetrodotoxin (100 nM) increased the forces of LFCs and SCs. Increase in force to tetrodotoxin did not occur after incubation of the muscle with NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) 500 microM, an inhibitor of NO biosynthesis. 4 L-NMMA but not its enantiomer D-NMMA increased the force of LFCs (EC50: 200 microM) and SCS (EC50:175 microM) in a concentration-dependent manner which was reversed by L-arginine but not by D-arginine. 5 Muscle, precontracted by acetylcholine, relaxed to sodium nitroprusside (EC50:1.8 microM) NO gas (EV50:70 microliters) and NO solutions (EC50:4 microM) in a concentration-dependent manner. Guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate tissue concentrations (pmol mg-1 protein) were elevated in muscle after relaxation by sodium nitroprusside (500 microM) from 0.32 +/- 0.06 to 1.2 +/- 0.37 and by 1 ml of NO gas from 0.49 +/- 0.05 to 1.54 +/- 0.14. 6 These data suggest that DCCSM is under tonic neural inhibition mediated by NO biosynthesis.[1]


  1. Nitric oxide affects mammalian distal colonic smooth muscle by tonic neural inhibition. Middleton, S.J., Cuthbert, A.W., Shorthouse, M., Hunter, J.O. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1993) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities