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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Enhancement by non-mutagenic pesticides of GST-P positive hepatic foci development initiated with diethylnitrosamine in the rat.

The potential hepatocarcinogenicity of seven pesticides was examined using a rapid bioassay based on the induction of glutathione S-transferase placental form positive foci in the rat liver. Rats were initially injected with diethylnitrosamine and two weeks later were fed on diet supplemented with one of the pesticides for 6 weeks and then killed; all rats were subjected to a partial hepatectomy at week 3. Positive results were seen with chlorobenzilate (2000 ppm), vinclozolin (2000 ppm), malathion (4000 ppm), tecnazene (2000 ppm) and isoproturon (2000 ppm). S,S,S-tributylphosphorotrithioate (DEF, 200 ppm) and dicloran (2000 ppm) were negative in both number and area analyses. Although chlorobenzilate is carcinogenic in mice, malathion and vinclozolin have been reported as non-carcinogens in both rats and mice. Since the present system is based on the two-stage carcinogenesis hypothesis, it is possible that the chemicals showing positive results in this system possess at least tumor-promoting activity in the rat liver. This is very significant, as most carcinogens show tumor-promoting activity in their target organs.[1]

References

  1. Enhancement by non-mutagenic pesticides of GST-P positive hepatic foci development initiated with diethylnitrosamine in the rat. Hoshiya, T., Hasegawa, R., Hakoi, K., Cui, L., Ogiso, T., Cabral, R., Ito, N. Cancer Lett. (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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