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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antigenicity, immunogenicity and vaccine efficacy of the galactose-specific adherence protein of Entamoeba histolytica.

Entamoeba histolytica is an enteric protozoan that causes amoebic colitis and liver abscess. Human immunity to E. histolytica is apparently mediated by a serum antibody response and amoebicidal cellular mechanisms. The galactose-specific adherence protein of E. histolytica is a 260 kDa glycoprotein which mediates amoebic in vitro adherence to human colonic mucins, epithelium, and inflammatory cells. Amoebic lysis of cells is dependent upon binding by this adherence protein. Serum IgG and salivary IgA antibodies from greater than 90% of subjects with invasive amoebiasis recognize the adherence protein's 170 kDa heavy subunit. Incubation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from antibody-positive subjects with the purified galactose-specific adherence protein induces in vitro T lymphocyte proliferation, IL-2 and gamma interferon production, and direct lymphocyte amoebicidal activity. The rationale for an adherence protein vaccine includes sIgA blockage of amoebic binding to colonic mucins, humoral IgG prevention of parasitic adherence in tissues, and development of amoebicidal cell-mediated immunity. Immunization of gerbils with purified adherence protein in Freund's adjuvant provides protection against intrahepatic challenge with the trophozoites. In summary, the galactose specific adherence protein of E. histolytica contains highly conserved B- and T-cell epitopes, and has a high degree of vaccine efficacy in the gerbil model of amoebic liver abscess.[1]


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