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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Lethal damage to endothelial cells by oxidized low density lipoprotein: role of selenoperoxidases in cytoprotection against lipid hydroperoxide- and iron-mediated reactions.

Oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDLox) is believed to be an important contributor to endothelial cytodamage and atherogenesis. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of glutathione (GSH) and GSH-dependent selenoperoxidases in cytoprotection against the damaging effects of LDLox. When irradiated in the presence of a phthalocyanine sensitizing dye, human LDL accumulated chromatographically detectable and iodometrically measurable lipid hydroperoxides (LOOHs). Photogenerated LDLox caused lethal damage to bovine aortic endothelial (BAE) cells in vitro, as determined by lactate dehydrogenase release and inhibition of thiazolyl blue reduction. When depleted of GSH by buthionine sulfoximine treatment, BAE cells became more sensitive to LDLox. Cells grown in 2% serum/DME-HAM's F-12 medium without added selenium [Se(-) cells] exhibited far lower GSH-peroxidase and phospholipid hydroperoxide GSH-peroxidase activities than selenium-supplemented controls [Se(+) cells], and were much more sensitive to oxidative injury induced by t-butyl hydroperoxide, liposomal cholesterol hydroperoxides, and LDLox. Preincubation of LDLox with GSH and Ebselen (a selenoperoxidase mimetic) resulted in a dramatic reduction in both LOOH content and cytotoxicity. Moreover, treating Se(-) cells themselves with Ebselen substantially restored their resistance to LDLox-induced damage. LDLox toxicity to Se(-) cells was strongly inhibited by desferrioxamine and stimulated by ferric-8-hydroxyquinoline (a lipophilic chelate), indicating that iron is an active participant in oxidative damage. These results demonstrate that the GSH-dependent selenoperoxidase(s) play(s) an important role in cellular defense against oxidized low density lipoprotein, presumably by detoxifying lipid hydroperoxides and thereby preventing their iron-catalyzed decomposition to damaging free radical intermediates.[1]

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