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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Localization of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) and IGF-I receptor expression in human corpora lutea: role on estradiol secretion.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) and its receptors are expressed by human corpus luteum (CL) and to establish the effect of IGF-I on E2 biosynthesis in human luteal cell cultures. DESIGN: Middle corpora lutea were obtained from women undergoing surgical sterilization. The tissue was frozen for binding and in situ studies or dispersed for cell cultures. SETTING: Procedures were performed at the San Borja-Arriarán Hospital, National Health Service, and Institute of Maternal and Child Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile. PATIENTS: Twelve patients aged 30 to 40 years requesting surgical sterilization in our institution. The laparotomy was scheduled 6 to 8 days after ovulation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Expression of IGF-I and IGF-I receptor messenger RNAs (mRNAs) by in situ hybridization. Concentration of IGF-I receptor and binding characteristics. Production of E2 by luteal cells. RESULTS: The binding of IGF-I was detected in middle human CL membranes. In addition, this tissue expressed the mRNAs of IGF-I and its receptor. In culture, IGF-I caused a progressive increase on E2 production. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that the IGF-I system is present in middle human CL. The topographic distribution of IGF-I and its receptors and the ability of IGF-I to stimulate E2 secretion strongly suggest that IGF-I has a role as a paracrine or autocrine regulator of the human luteal function.[1]


  1. Localization of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) and IGF-I receptor expression in human corpora lutea: role on estradiol secretion. Johnson, M.C., Devoto, L., Retamales, I., Kohen, P., Troncoso, J.L., Aguilera, G. Fertil. Steril. (1996) [Pubmed]
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