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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Epidermal growth factor modulates pepsinogen secretion in guinea pig gastric chief cells.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although epidermal growth factor ( EGF) inhibits gastric acid secretion, the effects it exerts on gastric chief cells are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether EGF modulates pepsinogen release and intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) and whether the effect involves mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, eicosanoid generation, and nitric oxide. METHODS: Chief cells were obtained by sequential digestion with collagenase and Ca2+ chelation. [Ca2+]i was measured in cells loaded with Fura-2 and NO generation by the NO coproduct citrulline. RESULTS: In situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry, and immunoblotting showed that EGF receptor and MAP kinases were constitutively expressed in chief cells. EGF caused a concentration-dependent stimulation of pepsinogen secretion and MAP kinase activity and determined a 2.5-7.0-fold increase in [Ca2+]i, inositol 1,4,5-tryphosphate, prostaglandin E2, and leukotriene B4. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors and cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase inhibitors reduced pepsinogen secretion and eicosanoid generation induced by EGF. EGF increased citrulline generation and guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate accumulation sixfold; the effect was blocked by NG monomethyl-L-arginine, which is an NO synthase inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: EGF stimulates pepsinogen secretion by activating eicosanoid generation, tyrosine kinases, MAP kinases, Ca2+, NO, and guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate.[1]


  1. Epidermal growth factor modulates pepsinogen secretion in guinea pig gastric chief cells. Fiorucci, S., Lanfrancone, L., Santucci, L., Calabro, A., Orsini, B., Federici, B., Morelli, A. Gastroenterology (1996) [Pubmed]
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