The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antibiotic prophylaxis during clean neurosurgery: a large, multicenter study using cefuroxime.

Cefuroxime is a second-generation cephalosporin with in vitro activity against the organisms that are commonly associated with neurosurgical wound infections. Other properties of cefuroxime are an elimination half-life of 1.3 hours, which yields prolonged serum concentrations, and its ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier in proportion to the degree of inflammation. A prospective, multicenter, open-label study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cefuroxime for antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing clean neurosurgery. Cefuroxime 1.5 g was given intravenously 25 to 60 minutes before surgery; for procedures lasting more than 3 hours, cefuroxime 750 mg was given intravenously 8 hours after the initial dose. Patients were examined before surgery, daily during hospitalization, and at 8 weeks after surgery. A total of 956 adults were enrolled in the study. The most common procedures in study patients were laminectomy (41.8% of patients) or craniotomy (24.3%), and the mean duration of surgery was 3.2 hours. Infection occurred in 2 (0.3%) of 592 assessable patients by the time of discharge and in 1 additional patient by the 8-week follow-up evaluation for a total of 3 (0.5%) of 560 assessable patients. Drug-related adverse events occurred in 5 (0.5%) of 956 patients. These results indicate that antibiotic prophylaxis with cefuroxime is associated with a low incidence of postoperative wound infection and is well tolerated in patients undergoing clean neurosurgery.[1]


  1. Antibiotic prophylaxis during clean neurosurgery: a large, multicenter study using cefuroxime. Holloway, K.L., Smith, K.W., Wilberger, J.E., Jemsek, J.G., Giguere, G.C., Collins, J.J. Clinical therapeutics. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities