The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Beta 2-adrenoceptor activation by zinterol causes protein phosphorylation, contractile effects and relaxant effects through a cAMP pathway in human atrium.

Evidence from ventricular preparations of cat, sheep, rat and dog suggests that both beta 1-adrenoceptors (beta 1AR) and beta 2-adrenoceptors (beta 2AR) mediate positive inotropic effects but that only beta 1AR do it through activation of a cAMP pathway. On the other hand, our evidence has shown that both beta 1AR and beta 2AR hasten relaxation of isolated human myocardium consistent with a common cAMP pathway. We have now investigated in the isolated human right atrial appendage, a tissue whose beta-AR comprise around 2/3 of beta 1AR and 1/3 of beta 2AR, whether or not beta 2AR-mediated effects occur via activation of a cAMP pathway. We carried out experiments on atria obtained from patients without advanced heart failure undergoing open heart surgery. To activate beta 2AR, we used the beta 2AR-selective ligand zinterol. Experiments were carried out on paced atrial strips (1 Hz) and tissue homogenates and membrane particles. Zinterol caused positive inotropic and lusitropic (i.e. reduction of t1/2 of relaxation) effects with EC50 values of 3 and 2 nM, respectively. The zinterol-evoked effects were unaffected by the beta 1AR-selective antagonist CGP 20712A (300 nM) but blocked surmountably by the beta 2AR-selective antagonist ICI 118551 (50 nM) which reduced both EC50 values to 1 microM. Zinterol stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity with an EC50 of 30 nM and intrinsic activity of 0.75 with respect to (-)-isoprenaline (600 microM); the effects were resistant to blockade by CGP 20712A (300 nM) but antagonised surmountably by ICI 118551 (50 nM). Zinterol bound to membrane beta AR labelled with (-)-[125I] cyanopindolol with higher affinity for beta 2AR than for beta 1AR; the binding to beta 2AR but not to beta 1AR was reduced by GTP gamma S (10 microM). In the presence of CGP 20712A (300 nM) (-)-isoprenaline (400 microM) (to activate both beta 1AR and beta 2AR maximally) and zinterol (10 microM) increased contractile force 3.4-fold and 2.5-fold respectively and reduced relaxation t1/2 by 32% and 18% respectively. These effects of (-)-isoprenaline and zinterol were associated (5 min incubation) with phosphorylation (pmol P/mg supernatant protein) of troponin I and C-protein to values of 8.4 +/- 2.0 vs 12.4 +/- 2.3 and 10.1 +/- 2.5 vs 8.6 +/- 1.6 respectively. (-)-Isoprenaline and zinterol also caused phosphorylation of phospholamban (1.8 +/- 0.3 vs 0.4 +/- 0.1 pmol P/mg respectively) specifically at serine residues. We conclude that in human atrial myocardium activation of both beta 1AR and beta 2AR leads to cAMP-dependent phosphorylation of proteins involved in augmenting both contractility and relaxation.[1]


  1. Beta 2-adrenoceptor activation by zinterol causes protein phosphorylation, contractile effects and relaxant effects through a cAMP pathway in human atrium. Kaumann, A.J., Sanders, L., Lynham, J.A., Bartel, S., Kuschel, M., Karczewski, P., Krause, E.G. Mol. Cell. Biochem. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities