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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TAO1, a representative of the molybdenum cofactor containing hydroxylases from tomato.

Aldehyde oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase are a group of ubiquitous hydroxylases, containing a molybdenum cofactor (MoCo) and two iron-sulfur groups. Plant aldehyde oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase activities are involved in nitrogen metabolism and hormone biosynthesis, and their corresponding genes have not yet been isolated. Here we describe a new gene from tomato, which shows the characteristics of a MoCo containing hydroxylase. It shares sequence homology with xanthine dehydrogenases and aldehyde oxidases from various organisms, and similarly contains binding sites for two iron-sulfur centers and a molybdenum-binding region. However, it does not contain the xanthine dehydrogenase conserved sequences thought to be involved in NAD binding and in substrate specificity, and is likely to encode an aldehyde oxidase-type activity. This gene was designated tomato aldehyde oxidase 1 (TAO1). TAO1 belongs to a multigene family, whose members are shown to map to clusters on chromosomes 1 and 11. MoCo hydroxylase activity is shown to be recognized by antibodies raised against recombinant TAO1 polypeptides. Immunoblots reveal that TAO1 cross-reacting material is ubiquitously expressed in various organisms, and in plants it is mostly abundant in fruits and rapidly dividing tissues.[1]


  1. TAO1, a representative of the molybdenum cofactor containing hydroxylases from tomato. Ori, N., Eshed, Y., Pinto, P., Paran, I., Zamir, D., Fluhr, R. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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