The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of stimulus-induced endothelial cell intercellular adhesion molecule-1, E-selectin, and vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 expression by arachidonic acid and its hydroxy and hydroperoxy derivatives.

Localized adhesion of peripheral blood leukocytes to the endothelial lining is essential for their exit from the blood under both physiological and pathological conditions. The establishment, development, and resolution of the inflammatory response is regulated by an array of mediators, many of which remain to be categorized. These include arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) and its hydroperoxy (HPETE) and hydroxy (HETE) derivatives, which are released during inflammation. The data show that human umbilical vein endothelial cells, pretreated with these fatty acids, have a reduced ability to be stimulated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) for enhanced neutrophil and monocyte adhesion; the order of inhibitory activity being 15-HPETE > 15-HETE > 20:4 (n-6). This fatty acid-induced inhibitory activity was reflected in the ability of the mediators to decrease the TNF-alpha-induced expression of the following endothelial adhesion molecules: intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), E-selectin, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), measured by both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometric analysis. TNF-alpha- induced increased expression of ICAM-1, E-selectin, and VCAM-1 mRNA was significantly depressed by 15-HPETE. Constitutively expressed ICAM-1 and ICAM-1 mRNAs were unchanged by the fatty acids. The saturated fatty acid 20:0 and the methyl ester of 20:4(n-6) had no inhibitory activity. The binding of TNF-alpha to its receptors was not altered by these fatty acids. The fatty acids also inhibited the expression of ICAM-1 and E-selectin induced by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, showing that inhibition occurred at a post-TNF-alpha receptor binding level. The 15-HPETE was found to inhibit the TNF-alpha-induced increase in adhesion molecule expression in the early stage of the incubation, but expression returned to normal after 18 hours. An effect of 15-HPETE on the early cell signaling system was demonstrated by the ability of this fatty acid to inhibit agonist-induced protein kinase C translocation.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities