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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Possible role of the multidrug resistance-associated protein ( MRP) in chemoresistance of human melanoma cells.

Human malignant melanoma is characterised by unresponsiveness to conventional chemotherapy. Melanoma-derived cell lines are often markedly chemoresistant, suggesting that cellular mechanisms mediate the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype. The multidrug resistance-associated protein ( MRP) is a drug transporter protein associated with resistance to a broad spectrum of lipophilic drugs. To investigate whether MRP is involved in intrinsic drug resistance of human melanoma, we analysed expression and functional activity of MRP as well as its impact on chemoresistance in 40 melanoma cell lines (35 established by us from primary and metastatic lesions and 5 obtained from international sources), as well as in one dysplastic naevus-derived cell line and in normal melanocytes. By reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction various levels of MRP mRNA were detected in all melanoma cell lines, and by immunoblot the corresponding protein in a high percentage of them. Functional activity of MRP was assayed by analysing cellular accumulation of 3H-daunomycin (3H-DM) and calcein in response to MRP-modulators by beta-spectrometric and fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis, respectively. Probenecid (PRO), N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) and benzbromarone (BB) moderately (< or = 1.43-fold) but significantly enhanced intracellular accumulation of MRP substrate probes corresponding to MRP expression. Moreover, the sensitivity of melanoma cell lines to daunomycin (DM) and doxorubicin (DOX), but not to vinblastine (VBL), etoposide (VP-16) and cisplatin ( CDDP), analysed by an MTT-based survival assay, were inversely correlated with MRP-gene expression. Our results imply that MRP may be a component of the intrinsic chemoresistance phenotype characteristic of human malignant melanoma.[1]


  1. Possible role of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) in chemoresistance of human melanoma cells. Berger, W., Hauptmann, E., Elbling, L., Vetterlein, M., Kokoschka, E.M., Micksche, M. Int. J. Cancer (1997) [Pubmed]
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