The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protein tyrosine phosphatase-dependent activation of beta-globin and delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase genes in the camptothecin-induced IW32 erythroleukemia cell differentiation.

Camptothecin, an antitumor drug that specifically targets topoisomerase I, induced IW32 erythroleukemia cells to differentiate along the erythroid pathway, as demonstrated by the increased mRNA and protein expression of hemoglobin. Unlike other chemically induced erythroleukemia cell differentiation, no c-myc mRNA down-regulation was observed in the early phases of drug treatment. Among the heme-synthesizing enzyme mRNAs that were analyzed, only that of the erythroid-specific delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase (ALAS-E) was stimulated. Vanadate or benzylphosphonic acid, which inhibited protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPase), blocked the camptothecin-induced differentiation. Maximal inhibition was attained if vanadate was added within the first 6 hr of camptothecin treatment, after which vanadate gradually lost its effectiveness. Camptothecin-induced expression of beta-globin or ALAS-E transcript levels was inhibited in the presence of cycloheximide or vanadate. It was also shown that vanadate blocked differentiation of IW32 cells induced by sodium butyrate, VM-26, and p53. Increased PTPase activity could be observed 48 hr after cells were treated with camptothecin, VM-26, or sodium butyrate. Analysis of PTPase activity in the course of camptothecin treatment showed elevated levels of PTPase in the cytosol and the nucleus, with a greater increase demonstrated in the cytosol than in the nucleus. Our results suggest that by stimulating the beta-globin and ALAS-E gene expression, PTPase plays a critical role in the induced differentiation of IW32 erythroleukemia cells.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities