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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of YM-43611, a novel dopamine D2-like receptor antagonist, on immediate early gene expression in the rat forebrain.

The pharmacological characteristics of two benzamides, YM-43611, a potent and selective dopamine D3 and D4 antagonist, and YM-09151-2 (nemonapride), were compared with two reference antipsychotic agents, haloperidol and clozapine, in terms of modification of c-fos and related gene expression in the rat forebrain. After subcutaneous injection of YM-43611 (1 or 5 mg/kg), nemonapride (4 mg/kg), haloperidol (1 mg/kg), or clozapine (25 mg/kg), Fos immunocytochemistry was employed, and the distributions of Fos-like immunoreactive neurons were compared. As was the case for the two reference antipsychotics, the two benzamides enhanced c-Fos immunoreactivity in a number of forebrain regions. Specifically, like clozapine and nemonapride, YM-43611 significantly increased the number of immunoreactive cells in the nucleus accumbens shell and islands of Calleja. In contrast to clozapine and nemonapride, YM-43611 did not increase c-fos expression in the medial prefrontal cortex. Haloperidol and nemonapride elevated the number of positive cells in the striatum and nucleus accumbens core, whereas clozapine and YM-43611 did not. Clozapine increased the number of Fos-like immunoreactive cells in the lateral septal nucleus and the diagonal band nucleus, but YM-43611, nemonapride, and haloperidol did not. The present findings demonstrate that in comparison with three other drugs, YM-43611 has restricted effects on c-fos expression in the rat forebrain and is active primarily in the shell region of the nucleus accumbens and the islands of Calleja. The ability of YM-43611 to block D3 and D4 receptors may contribute to its unique actions on Fos induction.[1]


  1. Effects of YM-43611, a novel dopamine D2-like receptor antagonist, on immediate early gene expression in the rat forebrain. Kurokawa, K., Narita, M., Koshiya, K., Hidaka, K., Ohmori, J., Satoh, K. Neuropsychopharmacology (1997) [Pubmed]
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