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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ischemia/reperfusion-induced microvascular dysfunction: role of oxidants and lipid mediators.

The objective of this study was to define the role of oxidants and lipid mediators in the leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion and albumin leakage elicited in rat mesenteric venules by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Intravital fluorescence microscopy was used to monitor leukocyte adherence and emigration, platelet-leukocyte aggregation, mast cell degranulation, and albumin leakage after release of a 20-min arterial occlusion. I/R elicited large increases in leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion and albumin leakage. These responses were significantly attenuated in venules treated with either superoxide dismutase, oxypurinol (an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase), lodoxamide (a mast cell stabilizer), WEB-2086 (a platelet-activating factor antagonist), or SC-41930 (a leukotriene B4-receptor antagonist) but not by U-74006F (an inhibitor of lipid peroxidation). Platelet-leukocyte aggregates and mast cell degranulation induced by I/R were also attenuated by administration of either superoxide dismutase or lodoxamide. These results support the hypothesis that oxidants produced, in part, by xanthine oxidase promote the formation (by mast cells and endothelial cells) of platelet-activating factor and leukotriene B4, which recruit and activate leukocytes in postischemic venules. The adherent and emigrated leukocytes then mediate the increased albumin extravasation observed in the postcapillary venules.[1]


  1. Ischemia/reperfusion-induced microvascular dysfunction: role of oxidants and lipid mediators. Kurose, I., Argenbright, L.W., Wolf, R., Lianxi, L., Granger, D.N. Am. J. Physiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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