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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout mice exhibit exaggerated microvascular responses to inflammatory stimuli.

The objective of this study was to determine whether genetically induced hypercholesterolemia affects leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions in postcapillary venules of the mouse cremaster muscle. Leukocyte adhesion, emigration, and other microvascular parameters were assessed in venules of normal (wild-type) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (LDLr-/-) mice maintained on either normal rodent chow or on a high cholesterol diet (HCD). Measurements were obtained under control conditions and after administration of either leukotriene B4 (LTB4), platelet-activating factor (PAF), or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Elevated numbers of adherent and emigrated leukocytes were observed in venules of LDLr-/- (compared with wild-type) mice on HCD, both under baseline conditions and after exposure to either LTB4, PAF, or TNF-alpha. Plasma TNF-alpha levels were also elevated in LDLr-/- versus wild-type mice. Administration of blocking monoclonal antibodies demonstrated that intercellular adhesion molecule-1, but not vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, mediates the exaggerated leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion observed in LDLr-/- mice. The results of these studies indicate that chronic hypercholesterolemia predisposes the microvasculature to intense leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion in response to different inflammatory stimuli.[1]


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