The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of putative 5-HT7 receptors mediating tachycardia in the cat.

1. It has been suggested that the tachycardic response to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the spinal-transected cat is mediated by '5-HT1-like' receptors since this effect, being mimicked by 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT), is not modified by ketanserin or MDL 72222, but it is blocked by methiothepin, methysergide or mesulergine. The present study was set out to reanalyse this suggestion in terms of the IUPHAR 5-HT receptor classification schemes proposed in 1994 and 1996. 2. Intravenous (i.v.) bolus injections of the tryptamine derivatives, 5-CT (0.01, 0.03, 0.1, 0.3, 1, 3, 10 and 30 microg kg(-1)), 5-HT (3, 10 and 30 microg kg(-1)) and 5-methoxytryptamine (3, 10 and 30 microg kg(-1)) as well as the atypical antipsychotic drug, clozapine (1000 and 3000 microg kg(-1)) resulted in dose-dependent increases in heart rate, with a rank order of agonist potency of 5-CT >> 5-HT > 5-methoxytryptamine >> clozapine. 3. The tachycardic effects of 5-HT and 5-methoxytryptamine were dose-dependently antagonized by i.v. administration of lisuride (30 and 100 microg kg(-1)), ergotamine (100 and 300 microg kg(-1)) or mesulergine (100, 300 and 1000 microg kg(-1)); the highest doses of these antagonists used also blocked the tachycardic effects of 5-CT. Clozapine (1000 and 3000 microg kg(-1)) did not affect the 5-HT-induced tachycardia, but attenuated, with its highest dose, the responses to 5-methoxytryptamine and 5-CT. However, these doses of clozapine as well as the high doses of ergotamine (300 microg kg(-1)) and mesulergine (300 and 1000 microg kg(-1)) also attenuated the tachycardic effects of isoprenaline. In contrast, 5-HT-, 5-methoxytryptamine- and 5-CT-induced tachycardia were not significantly modified after i.v. administration of physiological saline (0.1 and 0.3 ml kg(-1)), the 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor antagonist, GR127935 (500 microg kg(-1)) or the 5-HT(3/4) receptor antagonist, tropisetron (3000 microg kg(-1)). 4. Intravenous injections of the 5-HT1 receptor agonists, sumatriptan (30, 100 and 300 microg kg(-1)) and indorenate (300 and 1000 microg kg(-1)) or the 5-HT4 receptor (partial) agonist cisapride (300 and 1000 microg kg(-1)) were devoid of effects on feline heart rate per se and failed to modify significantly 5-HT-induced tachycardic responses. 5. Based upon the above rank order of agonist potency, the failure of sumatriptan, indorenate or cisapride to produce cardioacceleration and the blockade by a series of drugs showing high affinity for the cloned 5-ht7 receptor, the present results indicate that the 5-HT receptor mediating tachycardia in the cat is operationally similar to other putative 5-HT7 receptors mediating vascular and non-vascular responses (e.g. relaxation of the rabbit femoral vein, canine external carotid and coronary arteries, rat systemic vasculature and guinea-pig ileum). Since these responses represent functional correlates of the 5-ht7 gene product, the 5-HT7 receptor appellation is reinforced. Therefore, the present experimental model, which is not complicated by the presence of other 5-HT receptors, can be utilized to characterize and develop new drugs with potential agonist and antagonist properties at functional 5-HT7 receptors.[1]


  1. Characterization of putative 5-HT7 receptors mediating tachycardia in the cat. Villalón, C.M., Heiligers, J.P., Centurión, D., De Vries, P., Saxena, P.R. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities