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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Variability of chromosomally encoded beta-lactamases from Klebsiella oxytoca.

The beta-lactamase genes of Klebsiella oxytoca were previously divided into two main groups: bla(OXY-1) and bla(OXY-2). The two beta-lactamase groups were each represented by beta-lactamases with four different pIs. In each group, one form of beta-lactamase is more frequent than the others combined. The beta-lactamase gene of each representative beta-lactamase with a different pI that was not yet sequenced (pIs 5.7, 6.8 [OXY-2], 7.1, 8.2, and 8.8 [OXY-1]) was cloned and sequenced. The susceptibility patterns as well as relative rates and kinetic parameters for beta-lactam hydrolysis revealed that OXY-2 enzymes hydrolyzed several of the beta-lactams that were examined (carbenicillin, cephalothin, cefamandole, ceftriaxone, and aztreonam) at a greater rate than the OXY-1 enzymes did. Comparison of K. oxytoca beta-lactamases with plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum beta-lactamases MEN-1 and TOHO-1 implied that the threonine at position 168 present in OXY-2 beta-lactamase instead of the alanine in OXY-1 could be responsible for its modified substrate hydrolysis. In each group, the beta-lactamase with a variant pI differs from the main form of beta-lactamase by one to five amino acid substitutions. The substrate profile and the 50% inhibitory concentrations revealed that all substitutions differing from the main form of beta-lactamase were neutral except one difference in the OXY-1 group. This substitution of an Ala to a Gly at position 237 increases the hydrolysis of some beta-lactams, particularly aztreonam; decreases the hydrolysis of benzylpenicillin, cephaloridine, and cefamandole, and decreases the susceptibility to clavulanic acid (fivefold increase in the 50% inhibitory concentration).[1]


  1. Variability of chromosomally encoded beta-lactamases from Klebsiella oxytoca. Fournier, B., Roy, P.H. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1997) [Pubmed]
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