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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning of TA16, a transcriptional repressor that may mediate glucocorticoid-induced growth arrest of leiomyosarcoma cells.

The DDT1 MF2 smooth muscle tumor cell line was derived from an estrogen/ androgen-induced leiomyosarcoma that arose in the ductus deferens of a Syrian hamster. The growth of this cell line is arrested at the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle after treatment with glucocorticoids. To identify the putative gene(s) that are potentially involved in this hormone-induced cell growth arrest, we have used a differential screening technique to clone those genes whose expression is induced or up-regulated by glucocorticoids. A number of glucocorticoid response genes were thereby isolated from the leiomyosarcoma cells. One of these clones, termed TA16, was found to be markedly up-regulated by glucocorticoids in DDT1 MF2 cells, but only marginally changed in GR1 cells, a glucocorticoid-resistant variant that was selected from the wild type DDT1 MF2 cell. Isolation and sequencing of its intact cDNA indicated that the TA16 encodes a protein 485 amino acids long, and its sequence is closely homologous to a novel transcriptional repressor that presumably represses the transcription activity of some zinc finger transcriptional factors through a direct interaction. Transfection assays demonstrated that introduction of an antisense TA16 cDNA expression vector, controlled by an MMTV promoter, into the DDT1 MF2 cell significantly relieved the glucocorticoid-induced cell growth arrest. This finding suggests that TA16 might participate in the mediation of glucocorticoid-induced cell cycle arrest in leiomyosarcoma cells.[1]


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