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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The biosynthesis and secretion of prostate-specific antigen in LNCaP cells.

Prostate-specific antigen ( PSA) has been demonstrated to release the active form of insulin-like growth factor I in vitro (P. Cohen et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. & Metab., 75: 1046-1053, 1992; P. Cohen et al., J. Clin. Endocrinol. & Metab., 79: 1410-1415, 1994; P. Cohen et al., Horm. Metab. Res., 26: 81-84, 1994) and has significant mitogenic activity on osteoblast cells, fibroblasts, and other cultured cells (C. S. Killian et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 192: 940-947, 1993). Recently, PSA has been found not only in prostate tissues but also in breast, colon, ovarian, and other tissues (E. P. Diamandis and H. Yu, J. Clin. Endocrinol. & Metab., 80: 1515-1517, 1995; E. P. Diamandis and H. Yu, Clin. Chem., 41: 204-210, 1995; A. Clements and A. Mukhtar, J. Clin. Endocrinol. & Metab., 78: 1536-1539, 1994). Therefore, PSA has been proposed as a candidate growth factor, cytokine, or growth factor regulator. In this setting, knowing how to manipulate or block the secretion of PSA by the prostate cancer cells could be a useful approach to controlling the progression of human prostate cancers. Using metabolic labeling experiments, we have studied the biosynthesis and secretion of PSA in LNCaP cells. We have also examined the effects of DTT, tunicamycin, 1-deoxymannojirimycin, pilocarpine, and testosterone on PSA biosynthesis and secretion. The results indicate that the secretion of PSA in LNCaP cells is constitutive instead of regulated and that the disruption of intramolecular disulfide bonds affects the transport of PSA from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus. The biosynthesis of PSA is potentiated by testosterone and inhibited by brefeldin A and DTT. These results will help us understand PSA biosynthesis and secretion in human prostate cancers.[1]


  1. The biosynthesis and secretion of prostate-specific antigen in LNCaP cells. Gau, J.T., Salter, R.D., Krill, D., Grove, M.L., Becich, M.J. Cancer Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
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