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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pit-1 and GATA-2 interact and functionally cooperate to activate the thyrotropin beta-subunit promoter.

The molecular determinants governing cell-specific expression of the thyrotropin (TSH) beta-subunit gene in pituitary thyrotropes are not well understood. The P1 region of the mouse TSHbeta promoter (-133 to -88) region interacts with Pit-1 and an additional 50-kDa factor at an adjacent site that resembles a consensus GATA binding site. Northern and Western blot assays demonstrated the presence of GATA-2 transcripts and protein in TtT-97 thyrotropic tumors. In electrophoretic mobility shift assays, a comigrating complex was observed with both TtT-97 nuclear extracts and GATA-2 expressed in COS cells. The complex demonstrated binding specificity to the P1 region DNA probe and could be disrupted by a GATA-2 antibody. When both Pit-1 and GATA-2 were combined, a slower migrating complex, indicative of a ternary protein-DNA interaction was observed. Cotransfection of both Pit-1 and GATA-2 into CV-1 cells synergistically stimulated mouse TSHbeta promoter activity 8.5-fold, while each factor alone had a minimal effect. Mutations that abrogated this functional stimulatory effect mapped to the P1 region. Finally, we show that GATA-2 directly interacts with Pit-1 in solution. In summary, these data demonstrate functional synergy and physical interaction between homeobox and zinc finger factors and provide insights into the transcriptional mechanisms of thyrotrope-specific gene expression.[1]


  1. Pit-1 and GATA-2 interact and functionally cooperate to activate the thyrotropin beta-subunit promoter. Gordon, D.F., Lewis, S.R., Haugen, B.R., James, R.A., McDermott, M.T., Wood, W.M., Ridgway, E.C. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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