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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelin and prostaglandin H2 enhance arteriolar myogenic tone in hypertension.

We hypothesized that endothelin in addition to prostaglandin (PG)H2 may also contribute to the enhanced myogenic tone of skeletal muscle arterioles of spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats. Changes in the diameter of isolated, cannulated arterioles (approximately 60 microm) from cremaster muscles of 30-week-old normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and SH rats were measured as a function of perfusion pressure (20 to 140 mm Hg). Pressure-induced constrictions were significantly enhanced between 60 to 140 mm Hg in arterioles of SH rats compared with those of WKY rats; at 80 and 140 mm Hg the normalized diameter of arterioles (expressed as a percentage of corresponding passive diameter) of SH rats was 11.0% and 15.4% less (P<.05) than that of WKY rats. After inhibition of thromboxane A2-PGH2 receptors by SQ 29,548 (10[-6] mol/L), the still enhanced myogenic response of SH arterioles was eliminated by the removal of endothelium or the administration of BQ-123 (10[-7] mol/L), an endothelin A (ET-A) receptor blocker, which also inhibited constrictions to exogenous ET-1 (10[-11] to 5x10[-10] mol/L). ET-1 elicited comparable responses in arterioles of SH and WKY rats. Thus, in SH rats the enhanced arteriolar constriction to increases in intravascular pressure seems to be due to the production of endothelium-derived constrictor factors PGH2 and endothelin.[1]


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