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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of subcutaneous interleukin-2 therapy on CD4 subsets and in vitro cytokine production in HIV+ subjects.

HIV infection is characterized by the reduction of the CD4+, CD45RA+, CD26+, and CD28+ lymphocyte subsets and of the in vitro production of IL-2, IL-4, and interferon-gamma; on the contrary, chemokine production is usually increased. These abnormalities are only partially restored by antiretroviral chemotherapy. Therapy with interleukin-2 has been proposed to restore the functions of the immune system, but the mechanisms by which IL-2 exerts its activities are unknown. The aim of this study was to define the effects of rIL-2 administration on CD4+, CD45RA+, CD45R0+, and CD26+ lymphocytes and on the in vitro production of IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IFN-gamma, RANTES, and sCD30 in HIV+ patients. 10 HIV+ patients with CD4 cell counts between 200 and 500 cells/mm3 were treated with six cycles of subcutaneous recombinant IL-2 administration, in combination with zidovudine and didanosine. This therapeutic regimen resulted in a remarkable increase in the number of CD4+ cells and in the prolonged reduction of the levels of viremia. CD45R01 cells were expanded during the first cycle of therapy, while CD45RA+/CD26+ cells predominated after the third cycle. At this time, the in vitro production of IL-2, IL-4, IFN-gamma, and sCD30 were significantly upregulated. These results demonstrate that rIL-2 in HIV+ patients induces the reconstitution of the CD4/CD45RA lymphocytes subtype. This expanded cell population recovered the ability to produce in vitro IL-2, IL-4, and IFN-gamma. These effects may be beneficial to HIV+ patients by improving their immune response to microorganisms or vaccines.[1]


  1. Effects of subcutaneous interleukin-2 therapy on CD4 subsets and in vitro cytokine production in HIV+ subjects. De Paoli, P., Zanussi, S., Simonelli, C., Bortolin, M.T., D'Andrea, M., Crepaldi, C., Talamini, R., Comar, M., Giacca, M., Tirelli, U. J. Clin. Invest. (1997) [Pubmed]
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