The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhanced mucosal permeability and nitric oxide synthase activity in jejunum of mast cell deficient mice.

BACKGROUND: Recent reports have described a modulating influence of nitric oxide (NO) on intestinal mucosal permeability and have implicated a role for mast cells in this NO mediated process. AIMS: To assess further the contribution of mast cells to the mucosal permeability changes elicited by the NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME), using mast cell deficient (W/Wv) and mast cell replete mice (+/+). METHODS: Chromium-51 EDTA clearance (from blood to jejunal lumen), jejunal NOS and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities, and plasma nitrate/nitrite levels were monitored. RESULTS: The increased EDTA clearance elicited by intraluminal L-NAME in W/Wv mice (4.4-fold) was significantly greater than the response observed in control (+/+) mice (1.8-fold). The exacerbated response in W/Wv mice was greatly attenuated by pretreatment with either dexamethasone (1.3-fold) or the selective inducible NOS inhibitor, aminoguanidine (1.4-fold), and partially attenuated by the mast cell stabiliser, lodoxamide (2.9-fold). Jejunal inducible NOS activity was significantly higher in W/Wv than in +/+ mice, while jejunal MPO was lower in W/Wv mice than in +/+ mice, suggesting that the higher inducible NOS in W/Wv does not result from the recruitment of inflammatory cells into the gut. The higher inducible NOS activity in the jejunum of W/Wv was significantly reduced by dexamethasone treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that mast cells normally serve to inhibit inducible NOS activity tonically in the gut and that inhibitors of NOS elicit a larger permeability response when this tonic inhibitory influence is released by mast cell depletion.[1]


  1. Enhanced mucosal permeability and nitric oxide synthase activity in jejunum of mast cell deficient mice. Komatsu, S., Grisham, M.B., Russell, J.M., Granger, D.N. Gut (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities