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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased platelet sensitivity to ADP in mice lacking platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase.

Arachidonic acid metabolism is one of several mechanisms culminating in the production of an agonist for platelet activation and recruitment. Although the proaggregatory role of thromboxane A2, a product of the aspirin-inhibitable cyclooxygenase, is well established, relatively little is known regarding the biological importance of arachidonic acid metabolism via the 12-lipoxygenase (P-12LO) pathway to 12-hydro(pero)xyeicosatetraenoic acid. We observed that platelets obtained from mice in which the P-12LO gene has been disrupted by gene targeting (P-12LO-/-) exhibit a selective hypersensitivity to ADP, manifested as a marked increase in slope and percent aggregation in ex vivo assays and increased mortality in an ADP-induced mouse model of thromboembolism. The hyperresponsiveness to ADP is independent of dense granule release, cyclooxygenase-derived eicosanoid synthesis, and protein kinase C activity. The addition of 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid to P-12LO-/- platelet-rich plasma rescues the hyperresponsive phenotype resulting in a diminished ADP-induced aggregation profile. The enhanced ADP sensitivity of P-12LO-/- mice appears to reveal a mechanism by which a product of the P-12LO pathway suppresses platelet activation by ADP.[1]


  1. Increased platelet sensitivity to ADP in mice lacking platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase. Johnson, E.N., Brass, L.F., Funk, C.D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
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