The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor in experimental models of membranous and minimal change nephropathy.

Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a recently described member of the epidermal growth factor ( EGF) family. It binds to heparan sulfate proteoglycans via a cationic domain and is a potent mitogen for epithelial cells, fibroblasts and vascular smooth muscle cells. In the present study we have attempted to identify changes in quantity and distribution of HB-EGF in two models of acute glomerular epithelial cell injury, using Western blotting, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Prior to disease induction, Western blots showed some expression of HB-EGF protein within glomeruli. Within the first three days in the acute puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) and passive Heymann nephritis (PHN) models, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization demonstrated an up-regulation of HB-EGF mRNA and protein in glomerular epithelial cells (GEC). In both cases, increased protein and mRNA was found prior to the onset of proteinuria and continued until day 21 post-induction, the last time point studied. Early in the course of the models, HB-EGF was localized to the cytoplasm of glomerular epithelial cells. At day 21, however, HB-EGF protein was distributed in a nodular pattern within GEC and along the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) in both models, suggesting that the secreted form might bind to the membrane. The increase in HB-EGF protein within glomeruli was confirmed by Western blots of glomerular membrane protein which, however, demonstrated a single 29 kDa species, consistent with the transmembrane form. These data are not consistent with binding of the secreted form of HB-EGF to the GBM. The transmembrane form of HB-EGF is able to signal in a juxtracrine fashion, so increased expression of HB-EGF mRNA and protein by GEC might contribute to the genesis of proteinuria through the initiation of abortive GEC mitogenesis.[1]


  1. Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor in experimental models of membranous and minimal change nephropathy. Paizis, K., Kirkland, G., Polihronis, M., Katerelos, M., Kanellis, J., Power, D.A. Kidney Int. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities