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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhanced expression of mitochondrial genes in senescent endothelial cells and fibroblasts.

It has been suggested that some mitochondrial genes are important in cellular senescence. In order to identify the mitochondrial genes that are involved in cellular senescence, we have constructed a cDNA library from senescent human vascular endothelial cells and isolated 86 senescence-specific cDNA clones by differential screening. Among the clones, we identified four distinct mitochondrial genes including NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 (ND2), ND3, ATPase 6 and 16S ribosomal RNA. We then compared the levels of expression of these genes in young and senescent cells by using two endothelial and two fibroblast cell strains. Northern blot and slot blot hybridization confirmed that the expression levels of ND3, ATPase 6 and 16S rRNA were elevated in senescent cells of all four strains. The expression level of ND2 was also elevated during cellular senescence in three of the four strains. Because mitochondria are actively involved in oxidative phosphorylation and respiratory functions, the altered expression levels of these genes may participate in aging processes.[1]


  1. Enhanced expression of mitochondrial genes in senescent endothelial cells and fibroblasts. Kumazaki, T., Sakano, T., Yoshida, T., Hamada, K., Sumida, H., Teranishi, Y., Nishiyama, M., Mitsui, Y. Mech. Ageing Dev. (1998) [Pubmed]
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