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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification of a novel endothelin-converting enzyme specific for big endothelin-3.

Endothelin-3 (ET-3), a potent vasoactive peptide, is considered to be produced from big ET-3 by endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE) like the other members of the endothelin family (ET-1 and ET-2). We purified a novel ECE from bovine iris microsomes. The purified enzyme, a 140 kDa protein by SDS-PAGE analysis, converted big ET-3 to ET-3 but not big ET-1, with a Km value of 0.14 microM for big ET-3. The conversion to ET-3 was confirmed with sandwich EIA by monoclonal antibodies, the elution profile of HPLC, and intracellular calcium mobilization in CHO-K1 cells expressing recombinant human ET(B) receptors. The conversion activity was inhibited by an inhibitor of neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) phosphoramidon. These results show that ECE-3 purified from bovine iris is a novel metalloprotease totally different from ECE-1 or ECE-2, in that the enzyme is highly specific for big ET-3.[1]


  1. Purification of a novel endothelin-converting enzyme specific for big endothelin-3. Hasegawa, H., Hiki, K., Sawamura, T., Aoyama, T., Okamoto, Y., Miwa, S., Shimohama, S., Kimura, J., Masaki, T. FEBS Lett. (1998) [Pubmed]
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