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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-1 induces slow-wave sleep at the prostaglandin D2-sensitive sleep-promoting zone in the rat brain.

To determine the site of action of the sleep-promoting effect of interleukin-1 (IL-1), we continuously infused (between 11 P.M. and 5 A.M.) murine recombinant IL-1beta into seven different locations in the ventricular and subarachnoid systems of the brain in freely moving rats. When IL-1 was infused at 10 ng/6 hr into the subarachnoid space underlying the ventral surface of the rostral basal forebrain, which previously was defined as the "prostaglandin (PG) D2-sensitive sleep-promoting zone" (PGD2-SZ), the total amount of slow-wave sleep (SWS) increased by 110.7 min (IL-1 was 208.1 +/- 14.3 min vs control at 97.4 +/- 9.3 min; n = 8; p < 0.01 by paired Student's t test) from the baseline control level obtained under continuous infusion of saline vehicle. The hourly SWS during the infusion period reached the level of daytime SWS, the physiological maximum, whereas paradoxical sleep (PS) was decreased transiently. This site of action for the SWS promotion was dissociated from the site in the third ventricle sensitive to the IL-1-mediated PS suppression, fever, and anorexia. The SWS increase caused by IL-1 infusion into the PGD2-SZ was blocked completely by coadministered diclofenac, a nonselective cyclooxygenase ( COX) inhibitor. Pretreatment of rats with NS-398 or piroxicam (3 mg/kg of body weight, i.p.), which are said, respectively, to possess high and relative specificity for the COX-2 enzyme, also blocked the SWS-promoting effect of IL-1. We present a hypothesis that IL-1 induces SWS, at least in part, via COX-2-mediated PG production in the PGD2-SZ.[1]


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