The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Docetaxel chronopharmacology in mice.

Docetaxel tolerance and antitumor efficacy could be enhanced if drug administration was adapted to circadian rhythms. This hypothesis was investigated in seven experiments involving a total of 626 male B6D2F1 mice, synchronized with an alternation of 12 h of light and 12 h of darkness (12:12), after i.v. administration of docetaxel. In experiment (Exp) 1, the drug was given once a week (wk) for 6 wks (20 mg/kg/wk) or for 5 wks (30 mg/kg/wk) at one of six circadian times, during light when mice were resting [3, 7, or 11 hours after light onset (HALO)], or during darkness, when mice were active (15, 19, or 23 HALO). Endpoints were survival and body weight change. In Exp 2 and 3, docetaxel (30 mg/kg/wk) was administered twice, 1 wk apart, at one of four circadian stages (7, 11, 19, or 23 HALO). Endpoints were hematological and intestinal toxicities. In Exp 4, circadian changes in cell cycle phase distribution and BCL-2 immunofluorescence were investigated in bone marrow as possible mechanisms of docetaxel tolerability rhythm. In Exp 5 to 7, docetaxel was administered to mice bearing measurable P03 pancreatic adenocarcinoma (270-370 mg), with tumor weight and survival as endpoints. Mice from Exp 5 and 6 received a weekly schedule of docetaxel at one of six circadian stages (20 or 30 mg/kg/wk at 3, 7, 11, 15, 19, or 23 HALO). In Exp 7, docetaxel (30 mg/kg) was given every 2 days (day 1, 3, 5 schedule) at 7, 11, 19, or 23 HALO. Docetaxel dosing in the second half of darkness (19 or 23 HALO) resulted in significantly worse toxicity than its administration during the light span (3, 7, or 11 HALO). The survival rate ranged from 56.3% in the mice treated at 23 HALO to 93.8 or 87.5% in those injected at 3 or 11 HALO, respectively (Exp 1, P < 0.01). Granulocytopenia at nadir was -49 +/- 14% at 7 HALO compared with -84 +/- 3% at 19 HALO (Exp 2 and 3, P < 0.029), and severe jejunal mucosa necrosis occurred in 5 of 8 mice treated at 23 HALO as opposed to 2 of 18 receiving docetaxel at 7, 11, or 19 HALO (Exp 2 and 3, P < 0.02). The time of least docetaxel toxicity corresponded to the circadian nadir in S or G2-M phase and to the circadian maximum in BCL-2 immunofluorescence in bone marrow. Docetaxel increased the median survival of tumor-bearing mice in a dose-dependent manner (controls: 24 days; 20 mg/kg weekly, 33 days; 30 mg/kg weekly or day 1, 3, 5 schedule, 44 or 46 days, respectively; Exp 5-7). Survival curves of treated mice differed significantly according to dosing time for each dose and schedule (P from log rank <0.003 to P < 0.03). In Exp 5 and 6, the percentage of increase in life span was largest if docetaxel was administered weekly at 7 HALO (20 mg/kg, 220%; 30 mg/kg, 372%) and lowest after docetaxel dosing at 19 HALO (80% with 20 mg/kg) or at 15 HALO (78% with 30 mg/kg). In Exp 7, (day 1, 3, 5 schedule), docetaxel was most active at 11 HALO (percentage increase in life span, 390%) and least active at 23 HALO (210%). Docetaxel tolerability and antitumor efficacy were simultaneously enhanced by drug dosing in the light span, when mice were resting. Mechanisms underlying the tolerability rhythm likely involved the circadian organization of cell cycle regulation. Docetaxel therapeutic index may be improved with an administration at night in cancer patients, when fewest bone marrow cells are in S or G2-M phase.[1]


  1. Docetaxel chronopharmacology in mice. Tampellini, M., Filipski, E., Liu, X.H., Lemaigre, G., Li, X.M., Vrignaud, P., François, E., Bissery, M.C., Lévi, F. Cancer Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities