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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distinct regulation of glucose transport by interleukin-3 and oncogenes in a murine bone marrow-derived cell line.

Growth factors and oncogenes promote glucose uptake, but the extent to which increased uptake is regulated at the level of glucose transporter function has not been clearly established. In this paper, we show that interleukin-3 (IL-3), a cytokine growth factor, and the transforming oncogenes ras and abl alter the activation state of glucose transporters by distinct mechanisms. Using bone marrow-derived IL-3-dependent 32Dc13 (32D clone 3) cells and 32D cells transformed with ras and abl oncogenes, we demonstrated that IL-3 enhanced [3H]-2-deoxyglucose (2-DOG) uptake in parental 32Dc13 cells by 40-50% at 0.2 mM 2-DOG, and this was associated with a 2.5-fold increase in transporter affinity for glucose (reduced Km). In comparison, ras and abl oncogenes enhanced 2-DOG uptake by 72-112%, associated with a 2-fold greater transporter affinity for glucose. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein reversed the effects of both IL-3 and oncogenes on glucose uptake and reduced transporter affinity for glucose. Likewise, with exponentially growing 32D cells in the presence of IL-3, a protein kinase C inhibitor, staurosporine, and a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3) kinase inhibitor, wortmannin, inhibited 2-DOG uptake and decreased transporter affinity for glucose. In contrast, in oncogene-transformed cells, staurosporine inhibited 2-DOG uptake but failed to decrease transporter affinity for glucose, whereas wortmannin did not affect 2-DOG uptake. Inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatases with vanadate enhanced 2-DOG uptake and transporter affinity for glucose in parental cells and in ras-transformed cells but had little effect on abl-transformed cells. Consistently, the serine/threonine phosphatase type 2A inhibitor okadaic acid enhanced 2-DOG uptake and transporter affinity for glucose in parental cells but had little effect on ras- or abl-transformed cells. These results demonstrate differences in the regulation of glucose transport in parental and oncogene-transformed 32D cells. Thus, IL-3 responses are dependent upon tyrosine, serine/threonine, and PI-3 kinases, whereas ras and abl effects on glucose transport depend upon tyrosine phosphorylation but are compromised in their dependence upon serine/threonine and PI-3 kinases.[1]


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