The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of phenobarbital treatment on characteristics determining susceptibility to oxidants of homogenates, mitochondria and microsomes from rat liver.

This study was designed to investigate the possible oxidative changes associated with alterations in cytochrome P450 levels in rat liver. Accordingly, extent of peroxidative processes, cytochrome and antioxidant content, capacity to face an oxidative stress were determined in liver microsomes, mitochondria, and homogenates from normal and phenobarbital (PB)-treated rats. Liver content of microsomal and mitochondrial proteins was also determined by the values of the activities of marker enzymes (glucose-6-phosphatase and cytochrome oxidase, respectively) in liver homogenate and in two cellular fractions. The increase in the liver content of microsomal and mitochondrial proteins indicated that PB caused proliferation of both smooth endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial population. Treatment with PB also gave rise to a general increase in peroxidative reactions (evaluated measuring malondialdehyde and hydroperoxides (HPs)), in the different cell compartments, even though HPs were not found significantly increased in mitochondrial fraction. The increase in peroxidative processes was associated with significant decreases in antioxidant concentration (expressed in terms of equivalent concentration of an antioxidant, such as the desferrioxamine), in all preparations from PB-treated rats. The response to oxidative stress in vitro (evaluated determining the parameters characterizing light emission from preparations stressed with sodium perborate) showed a substantial PB-induced increase in the susceptibility to oxidative challenge only in liver homogenate. The lack of changes in the mitochondrial preparations is likely due to decrease in concentration of both free radical producing species and antioxidants. The lack of changes in microsomal fraction is apparently in contrast with its lower oxidant capacity and higher content of cytochromes which are able to determine sensitivity to pro-oxidants. However, it could be due to the ability of cytochrome P450 to interact with the active oxygen species formed at its active center.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities