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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Localization of thioredoxin reductase and thioredoxin in normal human placenta and their protective effect against oxidative stress.

Recent studies have indicated that oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. Oxidative stress damages systemic tissues, and placental damage may result in intrauterine growth retardation and fetal distress. Thus, this study attempted to elucidate the placental localization of thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase, substances that may reduce oxidative stress. Furthermore, it studied the defence mechanism of the thioredoxin-thioredoxin reductase system against oxidative stress in mitochondria of normal human placenta where reactive oxygen species are primarily produced. The examination of thioredoxin reductase activity in subcellular fractions of human placenta indicated that thioredoxin reductase was located not only in cytoplasm, but also in mitochondria. The existence of thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase in human placenta was confirmed immunologically using antibodies raised against thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase. Thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase were localized histochemically in cytotrophoblasts, decidua, and stromal cells in the stem villi. The addition of exogenous thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase to fumarase in mitochondria of human placenta displayed a protective effect against oxidative stress. In conclusion, this study confirmed the intracellular localization and the tissue distribution of thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase in human placenta. Moreover, the complete thioredoxin-thioredoxin reductase system in human placenta may protect the placenta from damage caused by oxidative stress.[1]


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