The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An unusual oxygen-sensitive, iron- and zinc-containing alcohol dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus.

Pyrococcus furiosus is a hyperthermophilic archaeon that grows optimally at 100 degreesC by the fermentation of peptides and carbohydrates to produce acetate, CO2, and H2, together with minor amounts of ethanol. The organism also generates H2S in the presence of elemental sulfur (S0). Cell extracts contained NADP-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase activity (0.2 to 0.5 U/mg) with ethanol as the substrate, the specific activity of which was comparable in cells grown with and without S0. The enzyme was purified by multistep column chromatography. It has a subunit molecular weight of 48,000 +/- 1,000, appears to be a homohexamer, and contains iron ( approximately 1.0 g-atom/subunit) and zinc ( approximately 1.0 g-atom/subunit) as determined by chemical analysis and plasma emission spectroscopy. Neither other metals nor acid-labile sulfur was detected. Analysis using electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy indicated that the iron was present as low-spin Fe(II). The enzyme is oxygen sensitive and has a half-life in air of about 1 h at 23 degreesC. It is stable under anaerobic conditions even at high temperature, with half-lives at 85 and 95 degreesC of 160 and 7 h, respectively. The optimum pH for ethanol oxidation was between 9. 4 and 10.2 (at 80 degreesC), and the apparent Kms (at 80 degreesC) for ethanol, acetaldehyde, NADP, and NAD were 29.4, 0.17, 0.071, and 20 mM, respectively. P. furiosus alcohol dehydrogenase utilizes a range of alcohols and aldehydes, including ethanol, 2-phenylethanol, tryptophol, 1,3-propanediol, acetaldehyde, phenylacetaldehyde, and methyl glyoxal. Kinetic analyses indicated a marked preference for catalyzing aldehyde reduction with NADPH as the electron donor. Accordingly, the proposed physiological role of this unusual alcohol dehydrogenase is in the production of alcohols. This reaction simultaneously disposes of excess reducing equivalents and removes toxic aldehydes, both of which are products of fermentation.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities