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Gene Review

catR  -  LysR family transcriptional regulator

Pseudomonas putida KT2440

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Disease relevance of catR

  • Nucleotide sequencing and characterization of Pseudomonas putida catR: a positive regulator of the catBC operon is a member of the LysR family [1].
  • The inability to express the pheBA operon in a P. putida CatR- background and activation of transcription of the pheBA operon in Escherichia coli in the presence of the catR-expressing plasmid demonstrated that the transcription of the pheBA operon in P. putida PaW85 carrying pEST1226 is controlled by the chromosomally encoded CatR [2].

High impact information on catR

  • The inability of a catR mutant of P. putida 1290 to grow at the expense of IAA also suggests a central role for catechol as an intermediate in IAA metabolism [3].
  • The intergenic regions of ORFR1-catB1 and ORFR2-catB2 contained homologous sequences with the catR-catB intergenic region containing a repression binding site and activation binding site of CatR in Pseudomonas putida [4].
  • Properties of Tn5 mutants confirmed earlier suggestions that catR is a transcriptional activator and indicated that catA is activated by CatR independently of its activation of catBC [5].
  • Abrupt divergence of the catR,BC,A nucleotide sequences was achieved during evolution by insertion of an 85-bp palindromic genetic element uniquely positioned downstream from P. putida catR and counterpoised by insertion of a similar palindromic sequence in the Pseudomonas strain RB1 catB-catC intergenic region [5].
  • The catR gene encodes a 32.2-kilodalton polypeptide that binds to the catBC promoter region in the presence or absence of the inducer cis-cis-muconate, as shown by gel retardation studies [1].

Biological context of catR

  • Similar to the ORF(R1) of the cat1 gene cluster, an ORF highly homologous with the catR gene was found 102 by upstream of the catB2 gene and was designated as ORF(R2) [6].


  1. Nucleotide sequencing and characterization of Pseudomonas putida catR: a positive regulator of the catBC operon is a member of the LysR family. Rothmel, R.K., Aldrich, T.L., Houghton, J.E., Coco, W.M., Ornston, L.N., Chakrabarty, A.M. J. Bacteriol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Regulation of the catechol 1,2-dioxygenase- and phenol monooxygenase-encoding pheBA operon in Pseudomonas putida PaW85. Kasak, L., Hôrak, R., Nurk, A., Talvik, K., Kivisaar, M. J. Bacteriol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  3. Utilization of the plant hormone indole-3-acetic acid for growth by Pseudomonas putida strain 1290. Leveau, J.H., Lindow, S.E. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Cloning and sequence analysis of two catechol-degrading gene clusters from the aniline-assimilating bacterium Frateuria species ANA-18. Murakami, S., Takashima, A., Takemoto, J., Takenaka, S., Shinke, R., Aoki, K. Gene (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Discontinuities in the evolution of Pseudomonas putida cat genes. Houghton, J.E., Brown, T.M., Appel, A.J., Hughes, E.J., Ornston, L.N. J. Bacteriol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  6. Differential organization and transcription of the cat2 gene cluster in aniline-assimilating Acinetobacter lwoffii K24. Kim, S.I., Ha, K.S., Leem, S.H. J. Biosci. Bioeng. (1999) [Pubmed]
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