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Gene Review

SaHV2gp10  -  DNA polymerase

Saimiriine herpesvirus 2

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Disease relevance of SaHV2gp10

  • HVS was identified by serum neutralization, and the retrovirus isolate was identified as SMRV by a morphologic examination, microimmunodiffusion analysis, and demonstration of an Mg2+ preference for the RNA-directed DNA polymerase [1].
  • This sequence showed a high percentage of identity with the DNA polymerase genes of herpesviruses of the oncogenic subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae [2].
  • Using serology and polymerase chain reaction with (degenerate primers targeting a portion of the herpesviral DNA polymerase gene, evidence of three previously unrecognized rhadinoviruses in the MCF virus group was found in muskox (Ovibos moschatus), Nubian ibex (Capra nubiana), and gemsbok (South African oryx, Oryx gazella), respectively [3].

High impact information on SaHV2gp10

  • Transmission of KSHV-DNA is dependent upon a biologically active, replicating virus, since it is blocked by UV irradiation and foscarnet, an inhibitor of viral DNA-polymerase [4].
  • Initially, samples of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), spleens, lungs, kidneys and livers of pigs from Germany and Spain were tested with a PCR assay which targets conserved regions of the herpesvirus DNA polymerase gene with degenerate and deoxyinosine-substituted primers [2].
  • Nucleotide sequence analysis of a portion of the DNA polymerase gene identified these putative pathogens as herpesviruses and possibly as members of the Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily [5].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of SaHV2gp10

  • Transcription of K10.5 in PEL cell cultures is not inhibited by DNA polymerase inhibitors nor significantly induced by phorbol ester treatment [6].
  • However, consensus primer PCR targeted to the herpesvirus DNA polymerase gene detected viral genomic DNA in each of these four cases [7].


  1. Squirrel monkey retrovirus and Herpesvirus saimiri: observation in the same cell following isolation. Smith, G.C., Heberling, R.L., Barker, S.T., Kalter, S.S. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1979) [Pubmed]
  2. Detection of two novel porcine herpesviruses with high similarity to gammaherpesviruses. Ehlers, B., Ulrich, S., Goltz, M. J. Gen. Virol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Evidence of three new members of malignant catarrhal fever virus group in muskox (Ovibos moschatus), Nubian ibex (Capra nubiana), and gemsbok (Oryx gazella). Li, H., Gailbreath, K., Bender, L.C., West, K., Keller, J., Crawford, T.B. J. Wildl. Dis. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Human herpesvirus-8/Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus is a new transmissible virus that infects B cells. Mesri, E.A., Cesarman, E., Arvanitakis, L., Rafii, S., Moore, M.A., Posnett, D.N., Knowles, D.M., Asch, A.S. J. Exp. Med. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Detection and nucleotide sequencing of a DNA-packaging protein gene of equine gammaherpesviruses. Kleiboeker, S.B., Turnquist, S.E., Johnson, P.J., Kreeger, J.M. J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus LANA2 is a B-cell-specific latent viral protein that inhibits p53. Rivas, C., Thlick, A.E., Parravicini, C., Moore, P.S., Chang, Y. J. Virol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Detection and multigenic characterization of a herpesvirus associated with malignant catarrhal fever in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from Missouri. Kleiboeker, S.B., Miller, M.A., Schommer, S.K., Ramos-Vara, J.A., Boucher, M., Turnquist, S.E. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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