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Gene Review

ADH5  -  alcohol dehydrogenase ADH5

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: Alcohol dehydrogenase 5, Alcohol dehydrogenase V, YBR1122, YBR145W
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High impact information on ADH5

  • This enhanced growth was due to a diffusible factor that was shown to be ethanol by chemical assays and evaluation of strains lacking ADH1, ADH3, and ADH5, as all three genes are involved in ethanol production by yeast [1].
  • In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the alcohol dehydrogenase genes ADH1 and ADH5 are part of a duplicated block of genome, thought to originate from a genome-wide duplication posterior to the divergence from the Kluyveromyces lineage [2].
  • The order of these six genes reflects the structure of the ancestral S. cerevisiae genome before the duplication that formed the blocks including ADH1 on chromosome XV and ADH5 on chromosome II, indicating these ADH genes share a direct ancestor [2].
  • On the other hand, the order of the paralogs included in the blocks of ADH1 and ADH5 in S. cerevisiae suggests that two of them have been inverted within one block after its formation, and that inversion is confirmed by the gene order observed in K. marxianus [2].
  • In addition to SFA, the gene encoding the formaldehyde dehydrogenase Adh5, an enzyme most potent in formaldehyde de-toxification, we isolated a second plasmid that conferred a less pronounced but significant hyper-resistance to formaldehyde [3].

Associations of ADH5 with chemical compounds


  1. Microbial synergy via an ethanol-triggered pathway. Smith, M.G., Des Etages, S.G., Snyder, M. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Kluyveromyces marxianus exhibits an ancestral Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome organization downstream of ADH2. Ladrière, J.M., Georis, I., Guérineau, M., Vandenhaute, J. Gene (2000) [Pubmed]
  3. Overexpression of ADH1 confers hyper-resistance to formaldehyde in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Grey, M., Schmidt, M., Brendel, M. Curr. Genet. (1996) [Pubmed]
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