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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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High impact information on Weevils

  • Cultivated varieties of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) contain an alpha-amylase inhibitor (alpha AI-1) that inhibits porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase (PPA; EC and the amylases of certain seed weevils, but not that of the Mexican bean weevil, Zabrotes subfasciatus [1].
  • In this study, we examined the effect of a leaf-chewing geometrid, the autumnal moth (Epirrita autumnata), on two different herbivore groups, leaf rolling Deporaus betulae weevils and Eriocrania spp. leafminers, both feeding on mountain birch (Betula pubescens ssp. czerepanovii) [2].
  • Elongation Factor 1 alpha resolves the monophyly of the haplodiploid ambrosia beetles Xyleborini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) [3].
  • Malathion is an organophosphorous pesticide widely used to control mosquitoes in urban areas and pests, such as boll weevils, in agricultural areas [4].
  • Although glycerol and uracil are ubiquitous, weevils are likely responding to high concentrations that are released as a result of the rapid growth of M. spicatum [5].

Anatomical context of Weevils

  • This study re-examines the question of JH in male boll weevils by determining in vitro production of JH III by male CA during the first 10 days after adult emergence, determining hemolymph JH esterase activity during this same time period and hemolymph JH III titers in adults of both sexes [6].

Associations of Weevils with chemical compounds

  • However, the JH analog, methoprene stimulates Vg production in intact males and in the isolated abdomens of both male and female boll weevils (where in each case no Vg is detected without treatment), suggesting that males are competent to produce Vg but are normally not stimulated to do so [6].
  • Three of the lysolecithins were inactive alone against rice weevils, but mixtures of these phospholipids enhanced the insecticidal activity of dehydrosoyasaponin I [7].
  • The response to formulations of the sex pheromone with beta-caryophyllene may be primarily sexual, based on its presence in female boll weevils [8].
  • Compound 1 has not been previously reported as a natural product and showed inhibition of feeding for boll weevils [9].
  • Bruchins are 3-hydroxypropanoate esters of long-chain alpha,omega-diols from pea weevils and cowpea weevils that have been shown to initiate callus formation on pea pods at extremely low application rates [10].

Gene context of Weevils

  • In the Coleoptera this must have happened rather recently as even members of the same family, Curculionidae, differ with respect to the telomeric DNA [11].


  1. Molecular characterization of a bean alpha-amylase inhibitor that inhibits the alpha-amylase of the mexican bean weevil Zabrotes subfasciatus. Grossi de Sa, M.F., Mirkov, T.E., Ishimoto, M., Colucci, G., Bateman, K.S., Chrispeels, M.J. Planta (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Spatial responses of two herbivore groups to a geometrid larva on mountain birch. Riihimäki, J., Kaitaniemi, P., Ruohomäki, K. Oecologia (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Elongation Factor 1 alpha resolves the monophyly of the haplodiploid ambrosia beetles Xyleborini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Jordal, B.H. Insect Mol. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. The pesticide malathion reduces survival and growth in developing zebrafish. Cook, L.W., Paradise, C.J., Lom, B. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Chemically mediated host-plant selection by the milfoil weevil: a freshwater insect-plant interaction. Marko, M.D., Newman, R.M., Gleason, F.K. J. Chem. Ecol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. JH III production, titers and degradation in relation to reproduction in male and female Anthonomus grandis. Taub-Montemayor, T.E., Min, K.J., Chen, Z., Bartlett, T., Rankin, M.A. J. Insect Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Insecticidal components from field pea extracts: soyasaponins and lysolecithins. Taylor, W.G., Fields, P.G., Sutherland, D.H. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Role of ground trash volatiles in the selection of hibernation sites by boll weevils. Hedin, P.A., McKibben, G.H., Dollar, D.A. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Agrochemical activity and isolation of N-(4'-bromophenyl)-2,2-diphenylacetanilide from the Thai plant Arundo donax. Miles, D.H., Tunsuwan, K., Chittawong, V., Hedin, P.A., Kokpol, U., Ni, C.Z., Clardy, J. J. Nat. Prod. (1993) [Pubmed]
  10. Bruchins, plant mitogens from weevils: structural requirements for activity. Oliver, J.E., Doss, R.P., Marquez, B., DeVilbiss, E.D. J. Chem. Ecol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. TTAGG telomeric repeats in chromosomes of some insects and other arthropods. Sahara, K., Marec, F., Traut, W. Chromosome Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
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