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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sensitization of AIDS-Kaposi's sarcoma cells to Apo-2 ligand-induced apoptosis by actinomycin D.

Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is the most frequent malignancy associated with HIV infection (AIDS-KS), a complication that leads to high mortality and morbidity. AIDS-KS cells are resistant to killing by chemotherapeutic drugs/NK cells and Fas-induced apoptosis, suggesting that the acquisition of antiapoptotic characteristics by AIDS-KS cells may contribute to their prolonged survival. Apo-2 ligand (Apo-2L)/TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, a new member of the TNF family, has been identified as an apoptosis-inducing molecule. In this study we examined the sensitivity of 10 different AIDS-KS isolates to Apo-2L-mediated cytotoxicity. AIDS-KS cells were relatively resistant to Apo-2L; however, Apo-2L and actinomycin D (Act D) used in combination synergistically potentiated the induction of cell death in nine of the 10 isolates. Apo-2L induced apoptosis in >80% of AIDS-KS cells pretreated with Act D. The caspase inhibitors, zIETD-fmk and zDEVD-fmk, inhibited apoptosis in AIDS-KS by sApo-2L, suggesting that caspase 3-like and caspase 8 or 10 activities are essential for Apo-2L-mediated apoptosis. Act D treatment of AIDS-KS cells markedly and selectively down-regulated Bcl-xL expression, while the expressions of decoy receptors 1 and 2, Bax, cellular FLICE (Fas-associated death domain protein-like IL-1-converting enzyme) inhibitory protein, FADD (Fas-associated death domain protein), procaspase 8, and p53 were not affected. These findings suggest the possible involvement of Bcl-xL in Act D-induced sensitization of AIDS-KS cells to Apo-2L-mediated apoptosis. Furthermore, Act D did not sensitize PBMC or fibroblast cells to Apo-2L. Thus, Apo-2L and Act D used in combination may be of therapeutic value in the treatment of AIDS-KS.[1]


  1. Sensitization of AIDS-Kaposi's sarcoma cells to Apo-2 ligand-induced apoptosis by actinomycin D. Mori, S., Murakami-Mori, K., Nakamura, S., Ashkenazi, A., Bonavida, B. J. Immunol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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