The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelial cell apoptosis induced by the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ligand 15-deoxy-Delta12, 14-prostaglandin J2.

15-Deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) is a bioactive prostanoid produced by dehydration and isomerization of PGD2, a cyclooxygenase product. It was recently shown to activate the nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), a critical transcription factor involved in adipocyte and monocyte differentiation. In this report, we show that 15d-PGJ2 is a potent inducer of caspase-mediated endothelial cell apoptosis. PPARalpha, -delta, and -gamma were expressed by endothelial cells, which, when treated with 15d-PGJ2, induced receptor translocation into the nucleus, and an increase in PPAR response element-driven reporter gene expression. Ciglitizone, a selective activator of PPARgamma, also induced transcriptional activation and endothelial cell apoptosis. Endothelial apoptosis induced by 15d-PGJ2 was inhibited by treatment of cells with an oligonucleotide decoy to a consensus PPAR response element sequence. Furthermore, overexpression of the PPARgamma isotype induced endothelial cell apoptosis, which was further potentiated by 15d-PGJ2 treatment. We conclude that 15d-PGJ2 induces endothelial cell apoptosis via a PPAR-dependent pathway. The PPAR pathway may be a therapeutic target for numerous pathologies in which excessive angiogenesis is implicated.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities