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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

T-cell receptor-independent activation of clonal Th2 cells associated with chronic hypereosinophilia.

We recently observed a clonal expansion of CD3(-)CD4(+) T cells secreting Th2-type cytokines in patients presenting chronic hypereosinophilia. As clonal T cells isolated from such patients did not spontaneously secrete cytokines in vitro, we reasoned that costimulatory signals delivered by antigen-presenting cells might be required to induce their full activation. To address this question, we investigated in two such patients the responses of CD3(-)CD4(+) T cells to dendritic cells (DC). DC elicited proliferation and production of interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IL-13 by clonal cells from patient 1 and upregulated their expression of CD25 (IL-2R-alpha). These effects were abolished when blocking monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) against IL-2R-alpha and IL-2 were added to cocultures, indicating critical involvement of an autocrine IL-2/IL-2R pathway. Cells from patient 2 were stimulated by DC to produce Th2 cytokines only when rIL-2 or rIL-15 was added to cocultures. In both patients, addition of inhibitory MoAbs against B7-1/B7-2 or CD2 to cocultures resulted in dramatic reduction of cytokine production and inhibited CD25 upregulation. Thus, TCR/CD3-independent activation of clonal Th2 cells by DC is an IL-2-dependent process, which requires signaling through CD2 and CD28.[1]


  1. T-cell receptor-independent activation of clonal Th2 cells associated with chronic hypereosinophilia. Roufosse, F., Schandené, L., Sibille, C., Kennes, B., Efira, A., Cogan, E., Goldman, M. Blood (1999) [Pubmed]
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