The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tyrosine phosphorylation of cortactin associated with Syk accompanies thromboxane analogue-induced platelet shape change.

Thromboxane A(2) (TxA(2)) is a potent vasoconstrictor and platelet agonist. Pharmacological studies have defined two classes of thromboxane receptors (TPs) in human platelets; sites that bind the agonist 1S-(1,2(5Z),3-(1E,3S),4)-7- 3-(3-hydroxy-4-(4'-iodophenoxy)-1-butenyl)-7-oxabicyclo-2. 2. 1-heptan-2-yl-5-heptenoic acid (I-BOP) with high affinity support platelet shape change, whereas low affinity sites that bind irreversibly the antagonist GR 32191 transduce platelet aggregation. As the mechanisms of signal transduction involved in platelet aggregation begin to be elucidated, few results concern those involved in platelet shape change, which is independent of the engagement of GPIIb/IIIa. To elucidate the respective role of the two classes of pharmacological binding sites of TPs in shape change, platelets were incubated with I-BOP at low concentrations or stimulated by I-BOP at high concentrations after pretreatment with GR 32191 or activated with low concentrations of 8-epi-prostaglandin F(2)alpha. Under these three conditions, there is a rapid stimulation of protein tyrosine phosphorylation of the 80/85-kDa doublet identified as the cytoskeletal protein cortactin. Tyrosine phosphorylation of cortactin is kinetically correlated with the occurrence of shape change. These biochemical and morphological events are both inhibited by SQ 29548, a TP antagonist, indicating the specificity of the signal. Since tyrosine kinase Syk was activated early during platelet activation, we examined the possibility that cortactin is a potential substrate of Syk in TxA(2)-induced platelet shape change. p72 Syk phosphorylation and kinase activity took place during the period when platelets were changing shape upon low concentrations of I-BOP stimulation. Furthermore, cortactin was associated with Syk, and this association increases along with the level of phosphorylation. These data suggest a novel pathway for a G protein- coupled TxA(2) high affinity receptor to the protein-tyrosine kinase Syk, which is associated with cortactin in the very early steps of platelet activation.[1]


  1. Tyrosine phosphorylation of cortactin associated with Syk accompanies thromboxane analogue-induced platelet shape change. Gallet, C., Rosa, J.P., Habib, A., Lebret, M., Lévy-Tolédano, S., Maclouf, J. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities