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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genetic analysis of glutathione peroxidase in oxidative stress response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Three glutathione peroxidase homologs (YKL026C, YBR244W, and YIR037W/HYR1) were found in the Saccharomyces Genome Database. We named them GPX1, GPX2, and GPX3, respectively, and we investigated the function of each gene product. The gpx3Delta mutant was hypersensitive to peroxides, whereas null mutants of the GPX1 and GPX2 did not show any obvious phenotypes. Glutathione peroxidase activity decreased approximately 57 and 93% in the gpx3Delta and gpx1Delta/gpx2Delta/gpx3Delta mutants, respectively, compared with that of wild type. Expression of the GPX3 gene was not induced by any stresses tested, whereas that of the GPX1 gene was induced by glucose starvation. The GPX2 gene expression was induced by oxidative stress, which was dependent upon the Yap1p. The TSA1 (thiol-specific antioxidant) gene encodes thioredoxin peroxidase that can reduce peroxides by using thioredoxin as a reducing power. Disruption of the TSA1 gene enhanced the basal expression level of the Yap1p target genes such as GSH1, GLR1, and GPX2 and that resulted in increases of total glutathione level and activities of glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase. However, expression of the TSA1 gene did not increase in the gpx1Delta/gpx2Delta/gpx3Delta mutant. Therefore, de novo synthesis and recycling of glutathione were increased in the tsa1Delta mutant to maintain the catalytic cycle of glutathione peroxidase reaction efficiently as a backup system for thioredoxin peroxidase.[1]


  1. Genetic analysis of glutathione peroxidase in oxidative stress response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Inoue, Y., Matsuda, T., Sugiyama, K., Izawa, S., Kimura, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
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