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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of caveolae and caveolin in C6 glioma cells.

Caveolae (CAV) constitute a novel subcellular transport vesicle that has received special attention based on its proven and postulated participation in transcytosis, potocytosis, and in cell signaling events. One of the principal components of CAV are caveolin protein isoforms. Here, we have undertaken the immunochemical identification of CAV and the known caveolin isoforms (1alpha, 1beta, 2 and 3) in cultured rat C6 glioma cells. Immunoblot analysis revealed that particulate fractions from rat C6 glioma cells express caveolin-1 and caveolin-2. The relative detergent-insolubility of these caveolin isoforms was also determined by Western blot analysis. Indirect immunofluorescence analysis with caveolin-1 and -2 antibodies revealed staining patterns typical of CAV's known subcellular distribution and localization. For both caveolin isoforms immunocytochemical staining was characterized by intensely fluorescent puncta throughout the cytoplasm and diffuse micropatches at the level of the plasmalemma. Perinuclear staining was also detected, consistent and suggestive of caveolin's localization in the trans Golgi region. The caveolin-1 and -2 immunoreactivity seen in Western blots and immunocytochemically is related to structurally relevant CAV as supported by the isolation of caveolin-enriched membrane complexes using two different methods. Light-density, Triton X-100-insoluble caveolin-1- and caveolin-2-enriched fractions were obtained after fractionation of rat C6 glioma cells and their separation over 5-40% discontinuous sucrose-density gradients. Similar fractions were obtained using a detergent-free, sodium carbonate-based fractionation method. These results further support the localization of CAV and caveolins in glial cells. In addition, they demonstrate that cultured C6 glioma cells can be useful as a model system to study the role of CAV and caveolins in subcellular transport and signal transduction events in glial cells and the brain.[1]


  1. Identification of caveolae and caveolin in C6 glioma cells. Silva, W.I., Maldonado, H.M., Lisanti, M.P., Devellis, J., Chompré, G., Mayol, N., Ortiz, M., Velázquez, G., Maldonado, A., Montalvo, J. Int. J. Dev. Neurosci. (1999) [Pubmed]
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