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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Selectivity of the polyspecific cation transporter rOCT1 is changed by mutation of aspartate 475 to glutamate.

After site-directed mutagenesis, the organic cation transporter rOCT1 was expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes or human embryonic kidney cells and functionally characterized. rOCT1 belongs to a new family of polyspecific transporters that includes transporters for organic cations and anions and the Na(+)-carnitine cotransporter. When glutamate was substituted for Asp475 (middle of the proposed 11th transmembrane alpha-helix), the V(max) values for choline, tetraethylammonium (TEA), N(1)-methylnicotinamide, and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium were reduced by 89 to 98%. The apparent K(m) values were also decreased (choline by 15-fold, TEA by 8-fold, N(1)-methylnicotinamide by 4-fold) or remained constant (1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium). After the mutation, the membrane potential dependence of the K(m) value for [(3)H]choline uptake was abolished. The affinity of n-tetraalkyl ammonium compounds to inhibit TEA uptake was increased. This affinity and its increase by the D475E mutation were increased with the length of the n-alkyl chains. After expression in X. laevis oocytes, the IC(50) ratios of wild-type and D475E mutant were 1.7 (tetramethylammonium), 4.3 (TEA), 5.0 (tetrapropylammonium), 5.0 (tetrabutylammonium), and 65 (tetrapentylammonium). Cationic inhibitors with ring structures were differentially affected: the IC(50) value for TEA inhibition by cyanine 863 remained unchanged, whereas it was increased for quinine. The data suggest that rOCT1 contains a large cation-binding pocket with several interaction domains that may be responsible for high-affinity binding of structurally different cations and that Asp475 is located close to one of these interaction domains.[1]


  1. Selectivity of the polyspecific cation transporter rOCT1 is changed by mutation of aspartate 475 to glutamate. Gorboulev, V., Volk, C., Arndt, P., Akhoundova, A., Koepsell, H. Mol. Pharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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