The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Growth hormone releasing substances: types and their receptors.

A series of structurally diverse growth hormone (GH) releasing substances have been synthesized that are distinct from the naturally occurring GH releasing hormone (GHRH). These synthetic molecules range from the family of GH releasing peptides and mimetics such as MK-0677. The physiological importance of these molecules and their receptor is exemplified by studies in the elderly. For example, when MK-0677 was administered chronically to 70- to 90-year-old subjects, once daily, the age-related reduced amplitude of GH pulses was reversed to that of the physiological profile typical of young adults. In 1996, the synthesis of (35)S-MK-0677 was reported and used as a ligand to characterize a common receptor (GH secretagogue receptor [GHS-R]) for the GH releasing substances. The GHS-R is distinct from the GHRH receptor. Subsequently, the GHS-R gene was cloned and shown to encode a unique G-protein coupled receptor with a deduced protein sequence that was 96% identical in human and rat. Because of the physiological importance of the GHS-R, a search for family members (FMs) was initiated and its molecular evolution investigated. Three FMs GPR38, GPR39 and FM3 were isolated from human genomic libraries. To accelerate the identification of other FMs, a vertebrate organism with a compact genome distant in evolutionary terms from humans was exploited. The pufferfish (Spheroides nephelus) genome provides an ideal model for the discovery of human genes. Three distinct full-length clones encoding proteins of significant sequence identity to the human GHS-R were cloned from the pufferfish. Remarkably, the pufferfish gene with highest sequence homology to the human receptor was activated by the hexapeptide and non-peptide ligands. These intriguing results show that the structure and function of the ligand binding pocket of the human GHS-R has been highly conserved in evolution ( approximately 400 million years) and strongly suggests that an endogenous natural ligand has been conserved. This new information is consistent with a natural ligand for the GHS-R playing a fundamentally important and conserved role in physiology. Copyright Copyright 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel[1]


  1. Growth hormone releasing substances: types and their receptors. Smith, R.G., Palyha, O.C., Feighner, S.D., Tan, C.P., McKee, K.K., Hreniuk, D.L., Yang, L., Morriello, G., Nargund, R., Patchett, A.A., Howard, A.D. Horm. Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities