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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

7-Nitroindazole impedes erythrocyte flow response to isovolemic hemodilution in the cerebral capillary circulation.

The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the mechanism of hemodilution-induced cerebral hyperemia is unclear. Based on findings in hypoxemia, the authors hypothesize that NO of neuronal origin contributes to an increase in velocity of erythrocytes in the cerebral microcirculation during anemia produced by isovolemic hemodilution. The change in erythrocyte velocity in cerebrocortical capillaries was assessed by intravital fluorescence video microscopy. A closed cranial window was implanted over the frontoparietal cortex of barbiturate-anesthetized, ventilated adult rats. Erythrocytes were labeled in vitro with fluorescein isothiocyanate and infused intravenously, and their velocity in subsurface capillaries was measured by frame-to-frame image tracking. Arterial blood was withdrawn in increments of 2 mL and replaced by serum albumin; arterial blood pressure was maintained at control level with an infusion of methoxamine. Erythrocyte velocity increased progressively, reaching 215% of baseline, as arterial hematocrit was reduced from 45% to 17%. Pretreatment of a separate group of rats with 7-nitroindazole (20 mg/kg intraperitoneally), a relatively selective inhibitor of neuronal NO synthase, abolished the increase in velocity at hematocrits greater than 20%, but the maximum velocity attained at the lowest hematocrit was similar to that in the control group. The results suggest that NO from neuronal source may contribute to the increase in capillary erythrocyte flow during moderate isovolemic hemodilution.[1]


  1. 7-Nitroindazole impedes erythrocyte flow response to isovolemic hemodilution in the cerebral capillary circulation. Hudetz, A.G., Wood, J.D., Kampine, J.P. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (2000) [Pubmed]
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